Portrait of Nadir Shah
Nāder Shāh Afshār also known as Nāder Qoli Beg or Tahmāsp Qoli Khān (November, 1688  or August 6, 1698 – June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty.
Because of his military genius, some historians have described him as the Napoleon of Persia or the Second Alexander.
Nader Shah was a member of the Turcophone Afshar tribe of northern Persia,which had supplied military power to the Safavid state since the time of Shah Ismail I.
Nader rose to power during a period of anarchy in Persia after a rebellion by Afghans had overthrown the weak Shah Soltan Hossein, and both the Ottomans and the Russians had seized Persian territory for themselves. Nader reunited the Persian realm and removed the invaders. He became so powerful that he decided to depose the last members of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Persia for over 200 years, and become shah himself in 1736. His campaigns created a great empire that briefly encompassed what is now Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of the Caucasus region.
Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan with two attendants
17th Century AD/11th Century AH
Shahab Uddin Muhammad Shah Jahan I January 1592 – 22 January 1666) was the emperor of the Mughal Empire in India from 1628 until 1658. The name Shah Jahan comes from Persian meaning "king of the world." He was the fifth Mughal ruler after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir. While young, he was a favourite of his legendary grandfather Akbar the great. He is also called Shahjahan The Magnificant.